The fundamental subjects of this doctorate program regard Physics, Astrophysics and Astronomy in front line fields of fundamental and applied research. Given the dimensions of the doctoral structure, the G. Occhialini Physics Department, the spectrum of the competences and activities of research is immense and regards numerous aspects of contemporary Physics and Astrophysics as shown from the paragraph ¹ here below on the research topics. Consequently, the PhD students are offered diversified learning objectives, even if inside a common outline while maintaining the characteristics of commitment and a uniform level of preparation. The G. Occhialini Physics Department closely collaborates, also through opportune agreements, with prestigious national research agencies such as the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, the Istituto Nazionale di
Fisica della Materia, the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (in particular with the Osservatorio di Brera) and CNR. The research groups which operate inside the proposing structure have intense scientific relationships with important international centres like CERN, ESO and others, along with prestigious Italian and foreign universities. This places these students into a highly formative and stimulating research atmosphere in the field of international research for Physics and Astrophysics. The students of the doctorate have concrete occasions to do research abroad, where they can also take foreign doctoral courses, thanks to the participation in the IDAPP (International Doctorate in AstroParticle Physics) and as part of agreements like the one between Italian and French universities.
1. THEORETICAL PHYSICS: field and string theories, field theories of the standard model, statistical mechanics, computational physics and development of dedicated computers.
2. SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS: experiments with the great accelerators, neutrino physics without accelerators, direct measures of the neutrino mass.
3. ASTROPHYSICS: cosmological models and theories, experimental study of cosmic background radiation, antimatter detection in space, galaxies, high energies astrophysics.
4. PHYSICS OF PLASMAS: magnetic confinement plasmas, thermonuclear plasmas, plasmas produced by laser.
5. BIOPHYSICS: experimental studies of the dynamics and conformations of biomolecules, proteins and DNA.
6. TECHNOLOGIES FOR PHYSICS: detection of low radioactive activity, industrial applications of the physics of plasmas, use of accelerators in medicine.